Sutton-Ian-2020-07-10-cropped.jpg

Book: Technology for a Changing Climate

Chapter 1: Net Zero by 2050

Abstract

A Clunky Sentence
The Quandary   
Paris and the IPCC   

The Paris Agreement   
Predictions 

Other Greenhouse Gases

Net Zero
An Age of Limits  
The Three Hundred Year Party 
Responses  

Technology    
Time Available
Example #1 — Steam to Diesel  
Project Management Realities  
Example #2 — An Episcopalian Policy Statement  
Example #3 — Electric Vehicles

Not Just Transportation   

Good News from 2020    

Awareness    
Nature Bats Last
The Greta Thunberg Meme  
A Business Opportunity 
Vaccines    

The Energy Industries  

World Energy Consumption
The Renewables Paradox
Energy Returned on Energy Invested 
Peak Oil / Shale Oil 
Industrial Processes
Petrochemicals
Carbon Capture/Geoengineering  

Caution    

Peak Oil    
Modeling Limitations    
The Exponential Function
Unanticipated Events    
Imagination
Scientific Reticence    

A Carbon-Free System  
Science and Engineering
Project Management    

Phase I — Concept    
Phase II — Demonstrate
Phase III — Commercialize
Phase IV — Implement 
Time    
Affordability    
Non-Financial Resources  
Short-Term CO2 Impact  
Tipping Points   

Evaluating the Alternatives

Economics

Resilience

Redundancy 

Further Information  


Chapter 2: Solar Power

Abstract

Background

Status

Space and Water Heating
Raw Materials

Toxic Waste

Conclusions

Chapter 3: Wind Power

Abstract

Background

Status

Offshore Wind Power

Challenges

Capital Costs

Conclusions


Chapter 4: Hydrogen

Abstract

Background

Status

Hydrogen Safety

Manufacture of Hydrogen

Colors of Hydrogen

Steam Reforming

Methane Pyrolysis

Electrolysis

Proton-Exchange Membrane

Industrial Application

Fuel Cells

Storage and Distribution

Conclusions


Chapter 5: Ammonia

Abstract

Background

Status

Manufacture of Ammonia

Ammonia as a Fuel

Direct Combustion

Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Health and Safety

Colors of Ammonia

Green Ammonia

Conclusions

Chapter 6: Nuclear Power

Abstract

Status

Risk and Nuclear Safety
Four Generations of Technology

Negative Learning Curve

Gen II

Reactor Types

Negative Learning Curve

Safety

Gen III  
Gen IV

Molten Salt Reactors

Small Modular Reactors

Nuclear / Renewables

Nuclear Fusion
Conclusions

Chapter 7: Hydroelectric

Abstract

Background

Status
Conclusions

Chapter 8: Geothermal

Abstract

Background

Status

Geothermal Systems

Natural Geothermal Systems

Enhanced Geothermal Systems

Heat Pumps

Closed Loop Systems

Steam/Binary

Conclusions


Chapter 9: Ocean Energy

Abstract

Background

Phase
Mechanical

Underwater Turbines

Wave Motion

Vortex Power

Thermal
Conclusions


Chapter 10: Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Abstract

Background

Status

Natural Carbon Capture/Sequestration

Biological Carbon Capture

Reforestation

Burning Biomass

Ocean Fertilization

Biochar

Carbon Capture Strategies

Point Capture

Post-Combustion

Pre-Combustion

Oxyfuel

Transportation

Direct Air Capture

Liquid Solvent

Solid Absorbent

Allam Cycle

Sequestration

Oil Wells

Ocean Storage

Pipelines and Shipping

Products

Mineralization

Carbonates

Cement

Biofuels

Ethanol

Algae Biofuels

Synthetic Fuels

Products from CO2

EOR Oil Recovery

Commodity Chemicals

Commercial Applications

Climeworks

Carbon Engineering

Blue Planet Systems

Global Thermostat

Infinitree

Skytree

Economics

Conclusions

Chapter 11: Geoengineering

Abstract

Ethics

Uncertainty

Risks and Concerns

Concept Stage

Unanticipated Consequences

Ocean Acidification

Regional Impact

Air Quality

On-Going Commitment

Governance

SRM Technologies

Space Reflectors

Surface Reflectors

Ground-Level Reflection

Ocean Mirror

Stratospheric Aerosol Injection

Clouds

Marine Cloud Brightening

Cloud Thinning

Conclusions

Chapter 12: Energy Storage

Abstract

Conventional Batteries

Lithium

Red-Ox

Hydro

Conclusions

Chapter 13: Transportation

Abstract

Introduction

Electric Road Vehicles

Grid Power

Trams / Streetcars

Trolley Buses

Battery Electric Vehicles

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

Range

Refueling Stations

Safety

Cost

Electric Vehicles

Grid

Battery

High Speed Rail

Hyperloop

Marine

Aviation

Chapter 14: Path Forward

Abstract

Introduction

Market Forces  / Government Directives

Response

Personal / Community

Political / Organizational

Technology

 

Chapter 15: The Energy Professional

Abstract

Survival of the Adaptable

Back to Basics

Systems Thinking

Social Impact

Handling Uncertainty

Professional Attributes

Jack of All Trades

Physics, not Economics

Numeracy

Liberal Arts

Choice of Discipline

Project Management

Electrical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Nuclear Engineering

Climate Science

Safety

Figures and Tables

References

  • YouTube
  • LinkedIn

©2021. Sutton Technical Books. All Rights Reserved.